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Gas Leakage Detection Using Arduino

While LPG is an essential need of every household, its leakage could lead to a disaster. To alert on LPG leakage and prevent any mishappening there are various products to detect the leakage. Here we have developed an Arduino based LPG gas detector alarm. If gas leakage occurs, this system detects it and makes an alert by buzing the buzzer attached with the circuit. This system is easy to build and anyone who have some knowledge of electronics and programing, can build it..

 

We have used a LPG gas sensor module to detect LPG Gas. When LPG gas leakage occurs, it gives a HIGH pulse on its DO pin and arduino continuously reads its DO pin. When Arduino gets a HIGH pulse from LPG Gas module it shows “LPG Gas Leakage Alert” message on 16×2 LCD and activates buzzer which beeps again and again until the gas detector module doesn’t sense the gas in environment. When LPG gas detector module gives LOW pulse to arduino, then LCD shows “No LPG Gas Leakage” message.

Arduino Based LPG Gas Detector Project Block Diagram

Components Used

  1. Arduino Pro Mini
  2. LPG Gas sensor Module
  3. Buzzer
  4. BC 547 Transistor
  5. 16×2 LCD
  6. 1K resistor
  7. Bread board
  8. 9 volt battery
  9. Connecting wires

LPG Gas Sensor Module

This module contains a MQ3 sensor which actually detects LPG gas, a comparator (LM393) for comparing MQ3 output voltage with reference voltage. It gives a HIGH output when LPG gas  is sensed. A potentiometer is also used for controlling sensitivity of gas sensing. This module is very easy to interface with microcontrollers and arduino and easily available in market by name “LPG Gas Sensor Module”. We can also build it by using LM358 or LM393 and MQ3.

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